They promoted it as an act of civil disobedience using the hashtag #EvasionMasiva, or “Mass Evasion,” on social media. That's too much. Chile’s economy has been rattled this year by global trade tensions, a fall in the price of copper (its main export), and rising oil prices. Several people explained to the Deutsche Welle the demonstrations were a symbol of the tiredness of citizenship in the face of "the famine and inequality of the country." Here is what you need to know to understand what led to this crisis. A clothing company was burned during the mass protest. Ad Choices. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/21/world/americas/why-chile-protests.html Chile protests: state of emergency declared in Santiago as violence escalates This article is more than 1 year old. Since 1957, GQ has inspired men to look sharper and live smarter with its unparalleled coverage of style, culture, and beyond. It's a sign that Piñera doesn't expect the protests sweeping the country to subside any time soon. Patricio Navia, a Chilean political scientist who teaches at New York University, said many middle class Chileans feel “abandoned” by Mr. Piñera’s government. The protests moved from the subway to the streets and turned into a revolt against social inequality as well as the … “That has created the impression that this government is far more concerned about the rich than people of lower income,” Mr. Navia said. T he spark that lit the flame was a 3% hike in subway fares, but after 12 days of mass protests and street violence, Chile’s worst unrest in decades has … The protests have been described as the most tumultuous of the last 30 years, since the country returned to democracy at the end of General Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship. After more than a week of protests in Chile, President Sebastián Piñera made a televised apology Tuesday night, saying his government and several preceding administrations had … © 2020 Condé Nast. From award-winning writing and photography to binge-ready videos to electric live events, GQ meets millions of modern men where they live, creating the moments that create conversations. A person is injured during the protest on October 20, 2019 in Santiago, Chile. Aside from unrest over wealth inequality, there's also a mass push for a new constitution. “This might just be the wake-up call some of these governments and political parties need to improve their representation and governance,” he said. The protests began in Chile's capital, Santiago, as a coordinated fare evasion campaign by secondary school students which led to spontaneous takeovers of the city's main train stations and open confrontations with the Carabineros de Chile (the national police force). To revisit this article, visit My Profile, then View saved stories. Scratch beneath the surface, however, and y… There's been some property destruction as some protesters set fire to buses, metro stations, and even banks. A Protester’s POV Chile’s Congress has agreed to postpone the constitutional referendum to October 25 to give the country time to deal with the COVID-19 crisis. Over the weekend, a wave of protests in Chile set off by an increase in subway fares deteriorated into widespread looting, vandalism and arson. Santiago (AFP) Nothing will restore their sight, but a year after the start of Chile's tumultuous social protests and as the country prepares for … What began as an act of civil disobedience led by students has turned into a broad reckoning about inequality, Chile’s economic policies under its center-right government and the aspirations of Chileans. The ticket prices were increased due to an increase in the costs of maintenance. What You Need to Know About the Unrest in Chile. Lt. Col. Alexander Vindman and the Questioning of an American Jew’s Patriotism. Chile’s streets are on fire with protests. There are a number of reasons for the protests. Chile Protests Explained: A Protester’s POV By Najla Albeayeyz , in Uncategorized , at August 22, 2020 Chile’s Congress has agreed to postpone the constitutional referendum to October 25 to give the country time to deal with the COVID-19 crisis. More than 241 Chileans have suffered eye injuries as demonstrations wear on The protests peaked on May 30, 2006, when 790,000 students adhered to strikes and marches throughout the country, becoming Chile's largest student demonstration of the past three decades. Here seven protesters explain what they’re fighting for But the president has yet to outline a comprehensive set of policies. The scenes of mob violence were striking in a country that has long been regarded as an exemplar of economic and political stability in a turbulent region. Ironically, the focus of this particular climate change conference was economic and social inequality. Chile’s worst unrest in decades has transformed into a nationwide uprising for change. Among other world leaders, Donald Trump was planning to attend and sign the first step of a trade agreement with Chinese president Xi Jinping, but that looks unlikely now. The 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference, or COP25, was supposed to take place in Chile in December, with thousands of world leaders and government officials attending. Monica de Bolle, a senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, said several countries in Latin America failed to take advantage of the commodities boom that lifted millions out of poverty in Latin America at the turn of the century. But he seemed to have difficulty coming to grips with the real source of the population’s frustrations. No more. On October 19, The Santiago Times reported that of the increase in transport fares, the increase in metro fares that are considered to be the most expensive in the region, especially by students who have spearheaded the protests. Young Chileans started protesting en masse on October 18 when ticket prices went up 30 pesos, or about $0.04. As historian Nancy MacLean documents in her book, Democracy in Chains, right-wing scholars and economists from the U.S. helped Pinochet's regime implement economic and constitutional overhauls that created an electoral system designed to permanently overrepresent the wealthy and the far right. The economic discontent has been rising for a while now. And many Chileans feel left behind as they take on debt to get through the month and struggle to plan for retirement. The average monthly salary in Chile is $807. Many poor and middle class Chileans said they were fed up with the rising cost of utilities, stagnant wages and paltry pensions in a nation that has long heralded itself as well-run and prosperous. Interior Minister Andrés Chadwick has called the situation “more violent and barbaric than anything in (his) memory”. A modest subway fare increase that started on Oct. 6 led high school students to jump turnstiles at metro stations in Santiago, the capital, earlier this month. The government has imposed a national curfew for the first time since the country was ruled by a brutal military dictatorship, and police have been liberal with tear gas, batons, and metal pellet-loaded guns. Chile protests: Anti-government activists rally around student blinded by rubber bullets. ‘The rapist is you’: Inside the women-led protest against sexual assault in Chile. The protests that began in Chile last month over an increase in subway fares and evolved into massive displays of social discontent show few signs of letting up. Students in Chile have been filmed breaking out of their school gates to join protests that have rocked the south American country for three weeks. People protesting in Santiago, October 30, 2019. According to the World Bank, the country has managed to reduce the population living in poverty (measured as living on less than $5.50 per day) down from 30 percent in 2000 to 17 percent in 2017. By John Bartlett | November 15, 2019, 3:39 PM. The president has imposed a curfew in the capital and in several other cities. One is the most proximate cause, which is the increase in the subway fares, but that really doesn’t explain the underlying tensions. Demonstrations that started over a hike in metro fares quickly became expressions of frustration with Chile’s inequality. While Chile has done more than others in the region to plan for leaner times, Ms. de Bolle added, “It’s not enough for what people aspire to.”. Hundreds of thousands of people have paralyzed the country, demanding an end to economic inequality. On Oct. 6, Chile’s government hiked subway fares — and citizens launched massive street protests that show no sign of waning. But it has grown at a reasonably healthy rate and is in far better shape than the economies of some of its neighbors. Mr. Polga-Hecimovich said the unrest in Chile and similar crises that have rattled the region in recent months should put political elites on notice. That was the catalyst for large street protests that soon became about much more than the cost of riding the subway. Five people died after looters torched a garment factory near Chile's capital Santiago, bringing the death toll in violent protests to at least eight. Meanwhile college tuition costs there are among the highest in the world and as much as 75 percent of the average Chilean's income goes to debt. Yet, inequality remains deeply entrenched in Chile. And the following Tuesday, thousands of people swarmed the central plaza of the capital, Santiago, home to nearly a third of the country's population. Protesters clashing with the police in Chile on Monday. The following Tuesday, Piñera fired his whole cabinet to try to appease protesters, but that same day, thousands of people swarmed the central plaza of the capital, Santiago, home to nearly a third of the country's population. A $0.04 increase sounds tiny, but a huge chunk of Chile's population travels on public transit multiple times a day, and half of Chilean works earn less than $550 per month. Since Chile does not produce its own oil and imports … The billionaire president has pushed reforms that lower taxes on the wealthiest in an effort to attract investment and boost growth. Recent corruption cases involving powerful businessmen and Chile’s federal police force have been a major source of outrage. President Sebastián Piñera declared a state of emergency, imposed curfews and ordered the armed forces to restore order — measures that were jarring for Chileans who lived through a repressive period of military rule in the 1970s and 1980s. Its free-market model has driven down poverty from 31 percent in 2000 to 6.4 percent in 2017, according to the World Bank, and made the copper-rich Andean nation the highest-ranked countryin Latin America on the United Nations Human Development Index. That was an extraordinary step in a country where the military had killed and tortured thousands of people just decades ago in the name of restoring order. With the fare hike, a … Inside the women-led protest against sexual assault in Chile. As the country is rocked by weeks of anti-government protests, thousands have taken to the streets to call out violence against women. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Condé Nast. Last Friday, more than a million people marched through the city's streets. 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